David has built up a successful practice prosecuting and defending difficult, complex, multi-handed cases, both alone and being led. He is experienced in business crime, money-laundering, terrorist finance, drugs and organised crime cases. David is a specialist in confiscation, proceeds of crime and asset recovery. He is also instructed in commercial litigation and judicial reviews, particularly where there is an overlap between criminal and civil jurisdictions.
"A very good advocate who is meticulous and a good negotiator."
"He is exceptionally thorough in preparation, mastering the detail in the case, and in court is an impressive advocate proving strong on cross-examination."
Chambers and Partners 2019.
David has built up a wide experience prosecuting and defending difficult, complex, multi-handed cases, both alone and as junior counsel. He has particular knowledge of tax, VAT and Excise, drugs, money-laundering and organised crime cases and has been instructed on a number of cases with a significant international dimension.
Although the mainstay of David’s practice is in criminal litigation, he maintains a commercial civil practice in chambers’ main areas of practice. He is often instructed in areas such as fraud or asset forfeiture where there is an overlap between the criminal and civil worlds.
Professional panel appointments
- Grade 4 advocate on Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) Unified Prosecution List.
- Grade 3 advocate on the CPS fraud List.
- Grade 3 advocate on the CPS Proceeds of Crime List.
- Grade 3 advocate on the CPS Serious and Organised Crime List.
- Grade 3 advocate on the CPS Counter-Terrorism list.
Direct Public Access
David accepts Direct Public Access instructions.
- David is also called to the Bar of Northern Ireland.
- David maintains a long-standing interest in China. He has participated in seminars led by Chinese universities and prosecutors on improving defendants’ rights, lectured to Chinese students on English criminal law and established links with Chinese criminal defence lawyers. He has written chapters and articles about English law (both in English and Chinese) for publications in mainland China.
- Criminal Bar Association.
- Fraud Lawyers Association.
David maintains a strong practice in the parallel criminal and civil jurisdictions under POCA and its predecessors. He is regularly instructed by the police, HMRC and NCA in civil cash detention and forfeiture hearings and appeals, and is also experienced in advising and acting in restraint proceedings and applications for civil freezing injunctions. He has recently been instructed in a number of Asset Freezing and Forfeiture Order proceedings.
David has a wide experience of confiscation proceedings after conviction and is often instructed specifically for the confiscation or appeal stage of a case. Reported authorities include R v Morrison  EWCA Crim 351, on tainted gifts, R v S  EWCA Crim 569, on assistance to the police and section 22 applications, and CPS v Ahmed  EWHC 1996 (Ch), on the clash between restraint orders and payment into court in civil litigation.
In recent years he has prosecuted numerous large scale confiscation proceedings, including a multi-handed £5m case arising out of the importation of half a ton of heroin, a £6.9m tax fraud and a £2m benefits fraud confiscation case. He has acted in £7m pound confiscation proceedings for a defendant convicted of laundering money for James Ibori, the corrupt Nigerian governor, and for a defendant convicted of defrauding international banks of more than £9m.
Cases of Note
R v S  (Court of Appeal) EWCA Crim 569
Appeal considering how passage of time/delay and assistance to the police can be taken into account by the Crown Court in dealing with POCA section 22 applications.
R v Morrison (Court of Appeal)  EWCA Crim 351
Successful prosecution appeal against a Crown Court refusal to include a tainted gift in a confiscation order. The Court gave further guidance on how proportionality may apply to cases involving tainted gifts.
Operation Surging (Southwark Crown Court, 2019-2020)
Junior prosecution counsel in 23-handed, £26m money laundering prosecution connected to excise fraud. Trials fixed for September 2019-May 2020.
R v Amrollahi (Harrow Crown Court, 2019)
Successful application on behalf of a local authority for a confiscation order against an unconvicted defendant under section 28 of POCA, on grounds that he absconded before his first appearance.
Attorney General of Jersey v Byrne (Royal Court, Jersey, 2018)
Junior prosecution counsel in largest financial services prosecution in Jersey for several years; former investment manager convicted of obtaining £3m from his clients by fraud and dishonest financial advice.
R v Ahmed and Shearer; Operation Modcons (Maidstone Crown Court, 2018)
Prosecution counsel in confiscation proceedings arising from £6.9m payroll tax fraud, leading to confiscation orders of over £3m.
Ready Rentals Ltd v Ahmed, CPS v Ahmed (Chancery Division)  EWHC 1996 (Ch)
Novel authority on whether a Crown Court can make a restraint order over funds paid into court in civil proceedings by an alleged offender. Involved issues of when an equitable charge arises over funds in court and balancing the interests of a company’s creditors against the public interest in the recovery of proceeds of crime.
R v De Souza (Inner London Crown Court, 2016)
Prosecuted the re-trial of defendant who duped his grandmother and aunt into smuggling large quantities of cocaine from Trinidad to the UK, following his previously successful appeal reported at  EWCA Crim 560.
R v Abukar and others, R v Morrison and others, R v Newbury and others; Operation Miching (Central Criminal Court, 2015-2017)
Junior prosecution counsel in series of fraud and money laundering cases investigated by SO15. The defendants defrauded elderly victims of c. £1m in “vishing” scams. The defendants’ share of the money was utilised to fund Islamic State in Syria.
R v Heir and others; Operation Nifle (Blackfriars Crown Court, 2015)
Junior counsel in NCA money involving the laundering of £550,000 in criminal proceeds for the benefit of a multi-billion pound Indian corporation.
Chatwani and others v NCA; “Operation Heterodon” (Administrative Court; Investigatory Powers Tribunal)  EWHC 1283 (Admin);  EWHC 1284 (Admin); and  UKIPTrib 15/84/88-CH
Junior counsel for the NCA in series of connected cases including the leading authority on destroying the fruits of an unlawful search warrants, as well as judicial reviews of POCA production orders and the arrests and detention of suspects. Also instructed in linked Investigatory Powers Tribunal case in which the Tribunal quashed an authorisation to plant covert surveillance devices in business premises.
R v Affi (Court of Appeal)  EWCA Crim 2008
Represented the appellant in successful appeal against sentence for robbery on the grounds of exceeding the Sentencing Guidelines and disparity between offenders.
R v Baxendale-Walker (Guildford Crown Court, 2014-2016)
Junior prosecution counsel in fraud prosecution against a former tax solicitor arising from High Court proceedings in 2011.
Operation Pagina (Kingston Crown Court, 2014)
Instructed by the NCA as independent disclosure counsel to consider potentially LPP material in this investigation of an attempt to pervert the course of justice arising from a serious fraud trial.
Operation Amazon (Southwark Crown Court, 2014-2016)
Instructed as one of a team of independent disclosure counsel in this long-running £100m tax fraud case. The appeal reported at R v R  1 WLR 1872 is the leading authority on electronic disclosure.
R v Bojang and others; Operation Calluna (Southwark Crown Court, 2014)
Junior prosecution counsel in 8-handed prosecution of 4 Gambian diplomats and 4 others for the smuggling and sale of 26 tons of tobacco through the Gambian embassy. The largest prosecution of foreign diplomats in the UK in modern times.
R v Farooq and others; Operations Opposite, Brattice and Flesh (Birmingham Crown Court, 2014)
Sole prosecution counsel in 7-handed £5m confiscation proceedings arising from three separate investigations into the importation of more than half a ton of heroin from Pakistan to the UK.
R v Sigirtmac; Operation St Louis (Snaresbrook Crown Court, 2014)
Sole prosecution counsel in prosecution of Cash and Carry business accused of being the beneficiary of large scale smuggling of beer and wine into the UK.
R v Hughes and others; “Operation Lighthouse” (Maidstone Crown Court, 2014)
Prosecution junior in 8-handed £2m alcohol fraud organised from Northern Ireland but involving lorry loads of often counterfeit spirits smuggled across the Channel from France to England.
London Fire and Emergency Planning Authority v M and S (Blackfriars Crown Court, 2013-4)
Defence counsel for restaurant accused of serious health and safety breaches. The case involved a novel and complex legal point on a tenant’s liability under fire regulations.
R v Jeyakodi and others; “Operation Ben Nevis” (Crown Court, 2013-4)
Prosecution junior in multi-handed trial for conspiracy to commit immigration offences by Sri Lankan Tamils. A ground-breaking successful Home Office and police prosecution that relied on intensive cooperation with French and German police, foreign telephone intercepts and failed asylum seekers as prosecution witnesses.
Notebook Ltd v HMRC (First Tier Tribunal, 2013)
Instructed as junior counsel for HMRC in £6m MTIC fraud appeal to the Tax Chamber of the First Tier Tribunal.
R v Yeboah (Wood Green Crown Court, 2013)
Sole prosecution counsel in £120,000 VAT fraud case. The defendant was convicted of inventing or inflating his repayment claims for exports of green technology from the UK to Ghana.
R v Thomas (Woolwich Crown Court, 2013)
Defence counsel for grandfather accused of sexually assaulting his granddaughter.
Graham v Eltham Conservative and Unionist Club  EWHC 979 (QB)
Appeared for the respondents in a series of conjoined appeals against decisions to strike out claims of racial discrimination by a club against its member. Hickinbottom J’s judgment gave general guidance on courts’ powers to deal with litigants in person and McKenzie friends.
R v Parma and Mori; “Operation Echowood” (Crown Court, 2013-4)
Prosecution junior at both prosecution and confiscation stages. Operation Echowood, in which two defendants smuggled over 100 lorry loads of Italian wine into the UK, was HMRC’s second biggest prosecution of 2013; involved complex legal issues arising from the defendants’ extraditions from Italy to the UK.
R v Eshpari and others (Isleworth Crown Court, 2012)
Prosecution junior in the first land banking fraud trial in the UK. The prosecution successfully proved that the defendants’ business was a fraud as opposed to a legitimate investment scheme. The case raised several novel points and set the standard for subsequent land banking prosecutions.
LB Tower Hamlets v IMG Ltd and AYS Ltd (Snaresbrook Crown Court, 2012)
Prosecution junior counsel in health and safety prosecution of the organisers of the London Triathlon arising from the death of a spectator.
R v Naseem (Croydon Crown Court, 2011)
Defended in confiscation proceedings in the case of a convicted fraudster. The Crown sought an order for £9m and the case settled at less than £2m.
Operation Tangelo II (Southwark Crown Court, 2010-2011)
Member of the disclosure team devising strategy and reviewing material in relation to a multimillion pound Excise and VAT Fraud.
R v Chen and Wang (Aylesbury Crown Court, 2010)
Prosecution of two defendants for the organised importation of more than 1.5 tons of tobacco from China to the UK.
R v Reynolds and Drew (Maidstone Crown Court, 2010)
Junior counsel in a prosecution of a Sussex businessman for evasion of £650,000 of VAT.
R v Muller (Ipswich Crown Court, 2009)
Prosecution for HM Revenue and Customs of an importation into Harwich of 162 kilograms of cannabis. The prosecution case involved tachograph expert evidence as well as foreign evidence from six European countries.
R v Wright and others (Lewes Crown Court, 2007-8)
Junior counsel in a multi-handed tobacco smuggling case where the loss to the Revenue was £12.5m.